Personification(拟人)：the representation of a thing or a quality as a person, inliterature or art.
The wave is kissing the shore near the cliff.
Metaphor(暗喻): a way of describing something by referring to it as something different and suggesting that it has similar qualities to the thing.
Greece was the cradle of western culture. 希腊曾经是西方文明的摇篮。
A house divided against itself can not stand. 一座房子被分割后便无法立得稳。(这句话是美国总统林肯为陈述南北分裂的害处而做的比喻。)
Simile(明喻): an expression that describes something by comparing it with something else, using the words “as ” or “like”, for example “as white as snow”
明喻常用的比喻词有：like, as…as, as if, similar to 等等。
He was like a cock who thought the sun had risen to hear him crow.
Habit may be likened to a cable; every day we weave a thread, and soon we cannot break it.
Diction (措辞): the choice and use of words and phrases to express meaning,especially in literature.
Imagery (比喻): the use of words or pictures to describe ideas or actions in poems, books, films etc. (诗歌、书籍、电影等中的意向，形象化描述)
Comparison(比较)：the process of comparing two or more people or things
Contrast(对比): a difference between people, ideas, situations, things etc thatare being compared.
(there are words which can show contrast in the passage: but, however etc. )
stanza (诗的节，段)：agroup of lines in a repeated pattern forming part of a poem;
a stanza is a subdivision or section of a poem, and a poem’s stanzas generally share the same line length, rhyme scheme and poetic metre.Pauses between stanzas are marked by a space line on the printed page.
In SSAT reading part, passages require more than technical proficiency in English to understand. They require the student to be attuned tothe rhetorical and emotional nuances in writing. Authors use well-known and well-defined techniques called rhetorical devices to engage the reader’s emotions and thus his interest. With this in mind let’s look at the first passage, a poetry, and analyze it.
Please, look for rhetorical devices and definitions mentioned above and try to figure them out.
He That Loves a Rosy Cheek
by Thomas Carew
He that loves a rosy cheek
Or a coral lip admires,
Or from starlike eyes doth seek
Fuel to maintain his fires;
As old Time makes these decay,
So his flames must waste away.
But a smooth and steadfast mind,
Gentle thoughts, and calm desires,
Hearts with equal love combined,
Kindle never-dying fires;
Where these arenot, I despise
Lovely cheeks or lips or eyes.
1. Which of the following best summarizes themain idea of this poem?
A. If you get to know them, you will often find that beautiful people have unpleasant personalities.
B. People who have a calm and gentle disposition are usually physically beautiful.
C. Physical beauty is temporary, but inner qualities can be more permanently attractive.
D. It’s better to dislike beautiful people until they prove that they also have pleasant personalities.
E. If you are beautiful on the inside then your physical beauty will also last longer.
2. When the speaker refers to “old Time” in lines 5-6 he is
A. talking about the past
B. having a conversation with time
C. referring to the specific time in a person’s life when they are old
D. talking about old-fashioned things
E. suggesting that time is an old, powerful entity
3. When the speaker discusses “never-dying fires” (line 10) he is most likely referring to
A. long-lasting love
B. love that diminishes quickly
C. physical beauty
D. anger andhatred
E. lips and cheeks
4. When thespeaker states that “flames must waste away” (line 6) he most nearly means that
A. in time, even the subject of the poem will die
B. love always fades when people get older
C. it is impossible to maintain a fire without logs for kindling
D. if love is based on physical beauty it will diminish when beauty fades
E. some people will never be satisfied for very long