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新航道分享:SSAT阅读练习真题

2017/5/10 17:28:04来源:新航道作者:新航道

摘要:

  SSAT阅读原文

  In the nineteenth century the Romantic genre of literature became an important modeof expression for many Black American writers. Afrequent characteristic of Romantic writing is the use of historical material; Black writers have used this genre to transforman oftenharsh historical reality into animagined world ruled by their own ethical vision.In transforming history into fiction, Romantic writers have given their work a mythic quality thatdeepens the significance of plots,characters, and historical events.

  Clotel, a novel written in 1853 by William WellsBrown, is an early example from this romantic tradition. Clotel’s heroes are idealized, fighting slavery through superhuman action. For Brown, the Black man or woman was destined to move toward spiritualperfection, but was being blocked by the dehumanizing effects of slavery. The conflicts in Clotel are both an ongoing political one,between slaves and their owners, and a wider moral conflict between good and evil.

  More than a hundred years after Brown wrote,Black writers like Toni Morrison and David Bradley continue in the Romantic tradition. Both Morrison and Bradley write about Black characters who undertake the archetypalquest for selfhood. Their characters arecompelled to confront not only their own histories but the history of their cultures. Interestingly, both of these writers seem to be walking the same path as their characters, employing rhetorical devices and themes characteristic of old African legends.

  1.The author’s main purpose is to

  (A)describe the characteristics of the Romantic genre

  (B)introduce to the reader some excellent Black authors

  (C)analyze the artistic merits of select books

  (D)describe how a genre of writing was employed by certain authors

  (E)show how writing can influence culture

  2.An “idealized” hero, as described in paragraph 2, has which of the followingcharacteristics?

  (A)supernatural abilities

  (B)a friendly disposition

  (C)a deferential demeanor

  (D)a sharp mind

  (E)a desire to discover oneself

  3.It can be inferred from the passage that

  (A)William Wells Brown, Toni Morrison, and David Bradley are all Black Americans

  (B)Morrison and David Bradley are the most compelling Romantic writers

  (C)the Romantic genre of literature is one of the most celebrated

  (D)slavery is a subject commonly explored by all Black American writers

  (E)the Romantic genre of literature was created by Black Americans

  4.The “quest for selfhood” (paragraph 3) undertaken by Morrison’s and Bradley’s characters is best described as an effort to

  (A)achieve spiritual perfection

  (B)gain the acceptance of one’s ancestors

  (C)understand both themselves and their peoples

  (D)convince themselves that they are virtuous

  (E)cast off the shackles of slavery

  5.The word “path” in paragraph 3 is a(n)

  (A)allusion

  (B)simile

  (C)metaphor

  (D)analogy

  (E)exaggeration

  6.Which of the following might the author discuss next?

  (A)other styles of writing utilized by Black authors

  (B)more recent Romantic books written by Black authors

  (C)famous modern Black authors and their works

  (D)other novels written by William Wells Brown

  (E)African authors writing in the Romantic tradition

  VocabularyLearning Section

  学术高频词汇:

  genre (文学、艺术、电影或音乐的)体裁、类型;

  mode 样式;样本、范例;

  characteristic 特征、特点、品质;

  harsh 严酷的;艰苦的、恶劣的;

  ethical 道德的、伦理的;

  vision 视野;想象;

  mythic 神话的=mythical

  deepen 加强,变强烈;

  significance 意义、含义;重要性;

  bedestined to 注定、预定

  perfection 完善、完美

  dehumanize 使丧失人性、使无人性

  de-否定、相反;除去

  ongoing 持续存在的;仍在进行的、不断发展的;

  conflict (~between Aand B)冲突、争论;

  undertake 承担;从事;负责;

  archetypal典型的——[引申]archetype 典型

  confront 使遇到、使面对

  rhetorical 修辞的

  device (使做某事更容易一些的)特殊方法、手段

  rhetoricaldevice 修辞手法

  legend 传说、传奇;

  上海新航道 开设了SSAT的课程,了解课程可点击:上海新航道SSAT课程培训 !

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