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小托福阅读理解主旨题解析

2017/1/16 17:27:52来源:新航道作者:新航道

摘要:小托福阅读理解主旨题详细解析!阅读理解主旨题主要考查考生对文章中的主要观点以及重要信息的归纳和理解能力,解作者是如何循序渐进地叙述故事并传达信息的。

  TOEFL Junior 阅读理解主旨题详细解析!阅读理解主旨题主要考查考生对文章中的主要观点以及重要信息的归纳和理解能力,解作者是如何循序渐进地叙述故事并传达信息的。
  主旨题(Main idea)
  此类考题主要考查考生对文章中的主要观点以及重要信息的归纳和理解能力。这类考题主要包括两种问法:总结 main topic(或main idea)和归纳headline(或title)。
  Question(问法):
  What is the main topic of the article?
  What is the passage mainly about/mostly about?
  Which would be the most suitable /appropriate headline for the article?
  What would be the best title for this story?
  Which title best summarizes the main idea of the passage?
  答题要旨:
  考生在做题时,首先应排除那些包含文中并未提及的信息和细节的选项,选出最能够概括文章主要观点的选项。
  正确的选项会综合整篇文章的主要观点,所以任何细节的选项都不能选。同时,由于正确答案概括了文章每个部分的意义,所以不会与文中的任何一句话完全相同。
  考生在做此类试题时,首先要理清整篇文章中的结构和框架,了解作者是如何循序渐进地叙述故事并传达信息的。
  抓住每段的中心句或相对重要的信息,这对解答此类问题至关重要。
  例题解析:
  “Did you see that?” Joe said to his friend Bill. “You’re a great shooter!”
  “Bill,you never miss!” Joe said admiringly.
  “Unless I’m in a real game,” Bill complained. “Then I miss all the time.”
  Joe knew that Bill was right. Bill performed much better when he was having fun with Joe in the school yard than he did when he was playing for the school team in front of a large crowd.
  “Maybe you just need to practice more,” Joe suggested.
  “But I practice all the time with you!” Bill objected. He shook his head, “I just can’t play well when people are watching me.”
  “You play well when I’m watching,” Joe pointed out.
  “That’s because I’ve known you since we were five years old,” Bill said with a smile. “I’m just not comfortable playing when other people are around.”
  Joe nodded and understood, but he also had an idea.
  The next day Joe and Bill met in the school yard again to practice. After a few minutes, Joe excused himself.
  “Practice without me,” Joe said to his friend.
  “I'll be back in a minute.”
  Joe hurried through the school building, gathering together whomever he could find—two students, a math teacher, two secretaries, and a janitor. When Joe explained why he needed them, everyone was happy to help.
  Joe reminded the group to stay quiet as they all went toward the school’s basketball court. As Joe had hoped, Bill was still practicing basketball. He made five baskets in a row without noticing the silent people standing behind him.
  “Hey,Bill!” Joe called out finally.
  Bill turned. A look of surprise came over his face.
  “I just wanted to show you that you could play well with people watching you,” Joe said. “Now you’ll have nothing to worry about for the next game!”
  What would be the best title for the story?
  A. Joe Joins the Team
  B. Practice Makes Perfect
  C. Bill Wins the Big Game
  D. Bill’s Basketball Problem

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