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8-10月托福家考学术讨论合集|持续更新中...

2024/3/6 16:11:21来源:新航道作者:新航道

摘要:8-10月托福家考学术讨论合集|持续更新中...

8-10月托福家考学术讨论合集|持续更新中...

8月家考合集
2023.8.1家考

Doctor Diaz
We've been discussing government budgets and the difficult decisions governments must make regarding the use of public funds. Some services are clearly essential and must be paid for by any government. But what about public funding of the arts? Do you believe that governments should provide financial support to artists-for example, painters, sculptors, musicians, or filmmakers? Why or why not?

Claire
I enjoy art as much as anyone does, but public funds come from taxes, and I don't think taxpayers' hard-earned money should be spent on impractical or inessential items and services. Artists should support themselves by selling their work to private individuals and companies. If they can't find enough buyers, then maybe they should change careers.

Paul
Personally think art actually is essential. Lots of public spaces in my hometown just wouldn't be the same without artwork. From statues in public parks to murals painted on the walls of government buildings, my hometown really benefits from funding the artists who created these works. The public spaces are simply more enjoyable for visitors because of the artwork.?

2023.8.2家考?
Doctor
In the next few weeks, we'll be talking about urban traffic management. Let's begin by discussing one popular idea--creating car-free central zones. Some cities around the world have recently designated their downtown areas as being automobile-free which means that vehicles are not allowed to enter the city centers. Do you think that more cities should make their central zones car-free?Why and why not?

Claire:
I support the idea of establishing car-free central zones because this will result in one important benefit for city residents-it will be better for their health. Instead of driving everywhere, people will be encouraged to walk or cycle more. It would be a great way to incorporate exercise into people's routines.

Paul:
It sounds like a good idea, but I'm skeptical. My main concern is that many businesses located in the city centers, such as shops and restaurants, may suffer because the customers will no longer be able to reach those businesses by car. For some customers, if they can't drive, they won't go at all.?

2023.8.6家考?
Doctor Gupta
This week we covered different parenting styles. One idea we discussed was how much independence and freedom we should give our children, especially young children. One related issue is whether there should be an age limit on when children can have mobile phones. In this discussion post, I would like you to discuss whether you agree or disagree with the idea of setting a minimum age for when children can have a mobile phone. Explain your opinion.

Andrew
I totally agree with the idea of not giving children phones before they reach a certain age, let's say ten years or so. l believe children younger than ten are not yet ready to deal with the world that comes with mobile phones, as it can put them in harm's way.

Clare
Honestly, I am against the idea of restricting mobile phone access for young children. I believe mobile phones can help children communicate with their parents if they need their help for an urgent matter when they are away from their parents at school or elsewhere. Maybe companies can invent a special kind of mobile phone that is somehow kid friendly.

2023.8.8家考?
Doctor Achebe
This week in class we are learning about different methods of advertising and their effectiveness. One advertising strategy that companies often use is to ask celebrities, famous entertainers, or sports figures to promote their products. However, some experts believe that it is more effective to have ordinary people talk about the product. Which of these two advertising strategies do you think is better?

Paul:
I like the "ordinary people" approach. People are more interested in a product when they see people like themselves using the product. I think this is even true for clothing advertisements, which traditionally use famous models. People get a better idea of whether they like the clothes when they see all kinds of different people wearing them, and not just models.

Claire:
I think the use of celebrities is really effective. The first thing an advertisement must do is grab viewers' attention. When a famous actor or sports figure appears in your advertisement, viewers first notice the celebrity, "what's this? I really like that person." they think. Then, once you have the viewers' attention, you can provide information about your product.?

2023.8.9家考?
Doctor Gupta
We are looking this week at different ways businesses market their products and services, especially nontraditional methods. One thing that marketers pay close attention to is online reviews of their products. A business might include customer reviews on their website or carefully monitor the reviews on third-party sites. I would like you to discuss your own experiences with online reviews. Do you find them useful when deciding whether or not to buy a product or service? Why or why not?

Claire
think online reviews are a great source of information because they are written by ordinary customers who are like me. For instance, when I read a restaurant review by professional food critics, I'm not interested in some of the details that are included, like how the food is prepared. I'm more interested in aspects like the quality of the food and the service, which regular customers usually comment on.

Andrew
To me, online reviews have some real problems. First people are more likely to post reviews after a bad experience than after a good one. As a result, what you read is often weighted toward the negative. Also, you have no way of knowing whether reviewers know what they are talking about or even if they actually bought and used the product they are reviewing.??

2023.8.10家考
Doctor Diaz
Some educators think that in our global, tech-oriented world, students need to focus on nonfiction texts, such as news stories, technical manuals, or other informational materials. They say that reading poetry, novels, and short stories is not the optimal use of the limited time that students have in the classroom. How do you view this approach to education? Should schools limit the teaching of fictional texts in favor of teaching more practical, nonfiction texts?

Andrew
Education has to evolve. Nowadays there's an enormous amount of economic and political data freely available online. lt's important that students can evaluate this information to understand local and world events in order to be good citizens. Reading fiction is a wonderful hobby but school should prepare, students for adult life and its responsibilities.

Claire
I spent a lot of class time in high school analyzing literature. I'm studying to be an engineer, so l admit that reading fiction in school was not directly applicable to my future occupation, but it did instill in me a love of reading, which is very valuable. I feel better equipped now to understand all sorts of written material.?

2023.8.11家考
Doctor Diaz
This week we talked about how important taking time off from work or school is for people's well-being. Some people believe they get the most benefit when that time off is structured: that is, it involves planning in advance about what will be accomplished on that day. Others believe it is better to enjoy the day with no plan for how to spend it, In this discussion post please indicate which of those approaches to spending time off from work or school you prefer and why?

Claire
I find it beneficial to do some advance planning for my free time live far away from my family so when I am getting ready to visit them during a school holiday, l always plan my time off from school very carefully. That way l have enough time to visit with each family member.

Paul
Personally, I prefer not to make any plans for my free time. I go to school, and l have a part-time job each week. I make a schedule to be sure l can complete both my work and my studies. So when I have time off from work and school, I just want to relax with no plan.?

2023.8.13家考?
Doctor Diaz
Secondary or high school students (ages 14-18) who plan to attend university must begin thinking about what field of study they'll enter. Some students might be directed into certain fields by their parents and teachers. Others prefer to make their own choice based on their own interests and feelings. Do you believe that secondary school students should be allowed to choose their own field of study at university without being guided by parents and teachers? Why?

Kelly
I think it's a mistake to let students at that age make such an important decision on their own. They usually don't have the wisdom to choose appropriately. The people who know them best--their parents and teachers--will be more objective and give the best guidance.

Andrew
Choosing a field of study, and perhaps a career in that field, based mainly on what others tell you to do seems wrong to me. My parents wanted me to study engineering, but I'm not interested in that; I want to help people learn. I know I'll struggle more financially as a teacher, but I'm sure I'll be happier.?

2023.8.16家考?
Doctor Achebe
In many countries, the standard workweek consists of eight hours of work each day for five days per week. Now, though, some people advocate a shorter workweek: a four-day workweek with no decrease in workers' pay. There are advantages and disadvantages to this of course. What is your opinion about instituting a shorter, four-day workweek, and why?

Andrew
I like that idea, but on one condition: that the workday is no longer than eight hours. have heard some plans require ten hours a day for a four-day week. Most employees would find that exhausting, and it could actually be counterproductive to tire out your workers. Yes to four-day weeks, but no to ten-hour days!

Claire
In my country, the workweek is Monday to Friday plus half a day on Saturday, so moving to a four-day workweek would be too drastic a change! Workers might struggle to complete their tasks in a four-day workweek. It seems less stressful to spread work out over more days rather than trying to condense it all into a shorter week.?

2023.8.21家考
Doctor Achebe
Today, we are going to discuss how successful software and tech products are launched and marketed. When companies launch and market these products, early adopters are important. Early adopters are customers who tend to buy the latest products and like to be the first to try out new features and processes. In today's discussion, I would like you to describe at least one advantage or disadvantage of being an early adopter. Please explain why you think this way.

Andrew
One obvious disadvantage is that early adopters probably pay a lot more for brand-new technology. When products first come out, they're often quite expensive, but once they've been on the market for a while, the price usually drops. That's why! usually wait to buy new technology.

Claire
New tech products might not always be more expensive sometimes the company will give people a new product at a discount in exchange for trying it out and giving feedback on it. In fact, to me, that's the biggest advantage of being an early adopter - your feedback can guide future improvements to a product. That's a powerful feeling.?

2023.8.22家考
Doctor Achebe
This week in class, we are discussing how concern about the environment is affecting consumer behavior. One recent trend in some countries is that consumers are trying to reuse products and materials as much as possible; for example, by buying used clothing or a used car instead of a new one. In your posts, want you to discuss either an advantage or a disadvantage of buying used or recycled products as opposed to new ones.

Claire
Besides the benefits to the environment, one advantage is that many vintage, previously owned products have more charm. For example, old furniture has a lot of character and history, and it always makes a room more interesting. People can even make furniture from reclaimed, materials, like, making a table from an old wooden door, which always looks unique.

Paul
Buying used products has its drawbacks. New products are backed by the company that made them. lf you buy a new washing machine and it does not work properly, the company will replace or repair it. If you buy something used and it breaks, it's your responsibility to fix it, and the parts are not always available.?

2023.8.28家考
Doctor Gupta
In the past, progresses in science and technology were generally slow. However, in recent decades, the pace of technological progress has dramatically accelerated, with new discoveries and inventions almost every day. Some argue that the rapid advancement of science and technology is beneficial for society as a whole and should be encouraged. Others believe that this progress is happening too quickly and may lead to serious issues. Which viewpoint do you agree with?

Claire
The faster the discoveries, the better. For example, due to advancements in medicine, our lives are much better than those of our great-grandparents. Back then, life expectancy was significantly shorter due to a lack of medication, whereas today, drugs are affordable and accessible. Anyone with a severe illness hopes for rapid scientific progress.

Andrew
Most people don't have a say in the implementation of these new inventions, and that fact worries me. Just think about the widespread unemployment caused by the automation of many jobs: in this era of rapid technological change, it has become commonplace. People who lose their jobs may not believe that this progress is beneficial.??

9月家考合集
2023.9.3 家考
Doctor Achebe
This week, we'll examine issues in education reform. For example, some educators think that by focusing mainly on foundational knowledge in subjects like reading, math, and science, schools are not fully preparing students for success in the workplace. These educators argue that soft skills- non-academic skills such as being empathetic or having a strong work ethic - should be part of the curriculum, with classroom time dedicated to developing these skills. Do you agree? Why or why not?

Claire
I agree. While students need a strong foundation in academic subjects, soft skills are important because they affect how well students do their work. If classroom time is set aside for these skills, students will take them seriously and their academic work will benefit. Teachers could design lessons so that students learn about a skill and then do role-playing activities with classmates.

Andrew
Soft skills are important, but l don't agree with using classroom time to work on them. I'm not sure how teachers would measure students' progress in developing these skills. lf students' progress can't be measured on something being taught I'm not sure if there's any point to teaching it.?

2023.9.4 家考
Doctor Gupta
This week, our focus in class is the creation and evolution of public school policies. A crucial aspect of educational policy pertains to the selection of courses offered in schools. With the emergence of new communication methods and evolving employment opportunities, there is a growing belief that schools should introduce innovative subjects. The question l would like to explore is whether these new and unique subjects should be included in the curriculum of public schools.

Paul
I firmly believe that public schools should introduce new courses. For example, people are increasingly communicating through sharing photos and videos on the internet. I think a course on video composition-how to create compelling and effective videos- would be highly valuable for today's students. There are many other similar topics that students could benefit from as well.

Kelly
However, I don't believe that high school curriculums need to change drastically. The primary aim of most high school courses is to prepare students for higher education, and those fundamental requirements haven't changed. If students want to learn something like composition or film editing, they can watch instructional videos on the internet. They don't need to take classes in school to learn these things.?

2023.9.5 家考
Doctor Achebe
More and more, online shopping is becoming the primary way that many people obtain everyday goods. But what are the ramifications for the society in which we live? On the one hand, online shopping has advantages--for example, I can make a purchase without ever leaving my home. However, with fewer people shopping at local shops, in some places, these establishments are having a hard time competing. Do you think that online shopping is, on the whole, affecting society

Andrew
I think that online shopping has had negative impacts on society. In my city, many local stores have shelves filled with various products that you can find in online stores. This has forced some of them to closedown, which not only affects the amount of tax revenue generated in our local community but also impacts the number of job opportunities available to the community members.

Kelly
It's unfortunate that some local stores are forced to close down, but that's the nature of competition. As consumers, we benefit greatly from online shopping due to lower prices. Even if I find a physical store that can compete with online sellers in terms of pricing, I am still likely to make the purchase online because it means I don't have to spend money on transportation to the store.?

2023.9.6 家考
Doctor Achebe
In the next two weeks, we are going to be studying how biological discoveries have affected our lives. Research in biology provides us with a better understanding of how our bodies work. As an introduction to this topic, I would like for you to discuss among yourselves this question: What is the most important thing a person can do to maintain good health? Please explain why you think so.

Claire
I feel very strongly that a good diet is the most important factor in maintaining good health. Eating good, healthy foods, especially green vegetables gives your body the materials it needs to stay strong. Good nutrition is the key to good health.

Paul
Most people don't visit the doctor for regular check-ups. Sure, if they feel sick they go, but that's not enough. During a yearly exam, a physician can help a patient address health issues before they become a larger problem. So I think preventive doctor visits are key to good health.?

2023.9.11家考
We've been discussing employee working arrangements一whether employees should report to an office or work at home. Some businesses require all employees to work in the office. Others choose not to have a physical office and have all employees work from home. In industries where remote work is possible, what is the most important factor for employers to consider when deciding where employees should work, and why?

2023.9.12 家考【重复2023.8.9家考】
Doctor Gupta
We are looking this week at different ways businesses market their products and services especially non traditional methods. One thing that marketers pay close attention to is online reviews of their products. A business might include customer reviews on their website or carefully monitor the reviews on third-party sites. I would like you to discuss your own experiences with online reviews. Do you find them useful when deciding whether or not to buy a product or service? Why or why not?

Claire
I think online reviews are a great source of information because they are written by ordinary customers who are like me. For instance, when l read a restaurant review by a professional food critic, I'm not interested in some of the details that are included, like how the food is prepared. I'm more interested in aspects like the quality of the food and the service, which regular customers usually comment on.

Andrew
To me, online reviews have some real problems. First, people are more likely to post reviews after a bad experience than after a good one. As a result, what you read is often weighted toward the negative. Also, you have no way of knowing whether reviewers know what they are talking about or even if they actually bought and used the product they are reviewing.?

2023.9.18家考
Doctor Gupta
This week, we covered the future of education in a global world. We discussed whether schools should focus on equipping students with skills that will help them be successful anywhere in the world. These skills include being respectful of unfamiliar cultures and studying the history of those cultures. In your post, I would like you to discuss whether schools should make it a priority to prepare students for a global society. Please explain your opinion.

Claire
To not forget my true identity, students should prioritize learning the values cherished in their local culture. Attempting to cultivate global citizens may result in students losing their own identities. Only after schools have provided students with a solid foundation in the history of their local culture can they then focus on studying the histories of other countries.

Kelly
Technology has made it easier than ever for people to connect with the world. Therefore, we anticipate that more individuals will work in countries other than their own and benefit from acquiring lobal skills that will help them succeed anywhere.?

10月家考合集
2023.10.1家考
Your professor is teaching a class on education. Write a post responding to the professor's question.
In your response, you should do the following:
-Express and support your opinion.
-Make a contribution to the discussion in your own words
An effective response will contain at least 100 words.

Doctor Diaz
Today, we will discuss a topic that is important for students and the public at large:namely, how to prioritize spending, given the limited funding available for schools. Some people think schools should spend more money on school teachers' salaries because it would attract more qualified individuals to the profession, On the other hand others believe that the money should be allocated towards additional resources such as books and computers. Which viewpoint do you agree with and why?

Kelly
I believe that increasing teachers' salaries will improve the quality of education. If they earn more money, people will consider teaching as viable profession rather than opting for private sector jobs. We need the brightest minds in the classrooms.

Paul
l acknowledge that schoolteachers already earn a decent salary and provide high quality education. I'm not certain how much of an impact increasing their salaries would have. Nonetheless schools always require new equipment or facilities. Knowledge and technology are constantly evolving, and we need to prepare students with the most up-to-date materials possible.?

2023.10.4家考
Your professor is teaching a class on sociology. Write a post responding to the professor's question.
In your response, you should do the following:
-Express and support your opinion.
-Make a contribution to the discussion in your own words
An effective response will contain at least 100 words.

Doctor
In order to boost economy,governments应该支持农业还是支持建更多的房子

2023.10.8家考
Your professor is teaching a class on business. Write a post responding to the professor's question.
In your response, you should do the following:
-Express and support your opinion.
-Make a contribution to the discussion in your own words
An effective response will contain at least 100 words.

Doctor
We've been discussing employee working arrangements-whether employees should report to an office or work at home. Some businesses require all employees to work in the office. Others choose not to have a physical office and have all employees work from home. In industries where remote work is possible what is the most important factor for employers to consider when deciding where employees should work, and why?

Claire
I don't think businesses should allow their employees to work from home, because creating a sense of community and camaraderie among employees is so important for the success of a business, especially if it's a small business. lt is challenging to develop that dynamic when employees are not together physically in the same space.

Andrew
I think the most important thing to consider is the bottom line keeping company expenses down. For example, requiring all employees to work from home might be the best option from an economic standpoint. Renting office space is expensive, as are the utility bills. Think of how much money a business could save if employees worked from home.?

2023.10.9新题
Your professor is teaching a class on sociology. Write a post responding to the professor's question.
In your response, you should do the following:
-Express and support your opinion.
-Make a contribution to the discussion in your own words
An effective response will contain at least 100 words.

Doctor
If you had to choose, is it better to have a job with a high salary but little or no human interaction, or a job with a lower salary that allows for regular interaction with colleagues or customers? Why?

Paul
I think everyone is looking for a job where they will receive positive feedback from their colleagues and recognition for their achievements.

Kelly
I think that salary is the number one factor in determining whether a certain job is good or not. Being a practical person, I would say the purpose of work is to earn money, not to socialize with others.

2023.10.10家考
Your professor is teaching a class on education. Write a post responding to the professor's question.
In your response, you should do the following:
-Express and support your opinion.
-Make a contribution to the discussion in your own words
An effective response will contain at least 100 words.

Doctor Gupta
This week, we'll be discussing ways in which schools can help expose their students (aged 5-18) to learning experiences beyond the classroom, Let's begin by discussing one popular idea that some schools are considering - offering outdoor classes once month. On the day of outdoor classes students will be transported to local parks or nature preserves, and teachers can help students explore nature and learn about the environment. Do you think this is a good idea? Why or why not?

Kelly
Having outdoor classes once a month seems like an exciting way of providing student with interesting hands-on experiences. However, I don't think these classes would be a worthwhile use of instructional time and school resources. These classes could put substantial pressure on the school's financial resources and on teachers, who may have to redesign their lesson plans.

Paul
On the other hand, outdoor classes can increase students' motivation to learn about the interconnectedness of the natural world. These classes could provide great opportunities to teach students about pressing environmental issues, such as pollution, and ways to address these problems. lt would deepen their understanding beyond what books alone could achieve and would be time well spent.

2023.10.14家考(重复2023.9.9线下)
Your professor is teaching a class on sociology. Write a post responding to the professor's question.
in your response, you should do the following:
-Express and support your opinion.
-Make a contribution to the discussion in your own words
An effective response will contain at least 100 words.

Doctor Achebe
Local governments have limited budgets to spend on enriching residents' lives. Supporting arts programs like concerts and museums offers cultural engagement while funding recreational activities like hiking trails and parks promotes healthy lifestyles. As students who appreciate culture and wellness, let's discuss whether local funding should support arts programs or recreational activities more. Which do you think better serves the community and why?

Kelly
I think local governments should prioritize spending on outdoor trails and parks rather than arts programs like museums and concerts. More people would use and benefit from improved recreation spaces than arts venues. lf fewer residents are interested in the arts, they won't attend museums or concerts even if government funds them.

Andrew
I believe local governments should actually prioritize spending on arts programs like museums and concerts rather than recreation. Precisely because fewer residents are inherently interested in the arts, public funding is essential to sustain these cultural institutions for the minority who appreciate them. Without support, access to the arts will decline and society will lose these enriching, enduring outlets for creative expression.?

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