very sad and without hope
After four days and still no word that the missing plane had been located, the relatives were despondent.
a deviation from a direct course or the usual procedure; especially : a roundabout;way temporarily replacing part of a route
vi./n. 迂回的, 转弯抹角的;便道, 绕路
We detoured around the heaviest traffic.
a person who enjoys or is interested in sth very much
a devotee of stamp collecting
having or showing great skill or cleverness
The dexterous watchmaker was able to repair the antique watch's delicate gears and parts.
1. recognize or ascertain what makes (someone or something) different 2. make or become different in the process of growth or development
It was hard at first to differentiate between the two styles of music.
to speak or write about something that is different from the main subject being discussed
She digressed from her prepared speech to pay tribute to the president.
1:the act or an instance of digressing in a discourse or other usually organized literary work
2 archaic : a going aside
The professor's frequent and extended digressions are the stuff of campus legend.
Diligence is the mother of success.
characterized by steady, earnest, and energetic effort : painstaking
a student who has been unceasingly diligent in pursuit of a degree in mathematics
1 a : a coin of the United States worth 1/10 dollar b : a petty sum of money
2 : a Canadian 10-cent piece
to become or to cause (something) to become less in size, importance, etc.
The state's blood supplies were severely diminished by the two consecutive disasters.
very bad: causing great fear or worry
Even the smallest mistake could have dire consequences.
someone who accepts and helps to spread the teachings of a famous person
a circle of dedicated disciples who conscientiously wrote down everyting the prophet said
loss of reputation or respect
The previous government is, by now, thoroughly discredited.
a difference especially between things that should be the same
The discrepancy of the calculations of my bill by the hotel and myself was a matter of concern.
the practice of unfairly treating a person or group of people differently from other people or groups of people
In her mind there did not exist a discrimination between the imaginary and the real.
talking or writing about many different things in a way that is not highly organized
The speaker's discursive style made it difficult to understand his point.
to divest of a body, of corporeal existence, or of reality
His death disembodied his spirits.
to cause (someone) to feel very worried, disappointed, or upset
The watched in dismay as the house burned.
situated in many different places; a long way apart from each other
The campaign staffi dspersed almost immediately after the election.
to cause (something, such as information) to go to many people
Missionaries sent by their church to disseminate their faith.
1 : the act or process of dissolving: as a : separation into component parts b (1) : DECAY, DISINTEGRATION (2) : DEATH c : termination or destruction by breaking down, disrupting, or dispersing d : the dissol
One of the junta's first acts was the dissolution of the national assembly.
to make (a liquid) pure by heating it until it becomes a gas and then cooling it until it is a liquid again : to purify (a liquid) by distillation: to make (a strong alcoholic drink) by using this process
The basement walls distill water every time it rains heavily.
1 having or showing a formal and serious or reserved manner; 2 standing above others in rank, importance, or achievement
Heads turned as the well-dressed, distinguished couple strode through the hotel lobby.
cause (someone or something) to change course or turn from one direction to another
The bike race was diverted around the construction zone.
to make (information) known : to give (information) to someone
vt.泄露; 暴露; 揭发; <古>公布，宣布
We tried to make him divulge the name of the winner, but he wouldn't budge.
used to describe a person who has bery strong beliefs about what should be done and will not change them or accept other people's opinions
He is firm but not doctrinaire.
inclined to exercise arbitrary and overbearing control over others
The younger children in the family were controlled by a domineering older sister.
adj. 完全地; 彻底地; 全然
ideas that would have been downright dangerous if put into practice
not bright or colorful: to plain or dull to be interesting
adj. 单调的; 土褐色的
his drab little office
to make (a book, an event, etc.) into a play, movie, television show, etc. to make a situation seem more important or serious than it really is
They have a tendency to show off, to dramatize almost every situation.
n. 恐惧, 恐怖
He lives with a constant dread of rejection.
causing unhappiness or sad feelings; not warm, cheerful, etc.
He vowed that he would never take a desk job working in a dreary office.
having an odd and amusing quality
Evelyn is entertaining company, with droll and sardonic observations on nearly everything.
1:to give (someone or something) a name or title 2:to give (someone) the title of a knight
It was dubbed into Spanish for Mexican audiences.
given to or marked by cheating and deception
I warned her not to trust the duplicitous art dealer.
dishonest behavior that is meant to trick someone
We were lucky not to be taken in by his duplicity.
1 having active strength of body or mind; 2 marked by or uttered with forcefulness
Group dynamics are important to consider.
lively and enthusiastic
the ebuliient Russian president
to move or force gradually
Trees edge the lake.
a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place
The U.S. Capitol is one of our nation's most impressive edifices.
to teach sb in a way that improves the mind or character
a family-oriented show that tried to edify the television audience as well as entertain it
to eliminate or make indistinct by or as if by wearing away a surfaceto make (oneself) modestly or shyly inconspicuous
When the supply ship finally arrived, it discovered that virtually all evidence of the colony at Roanoke had been effaced.
a very confident attitude or way of behaving that is shocking or rude : nerve
The little squirt had the effrontery to deny eating any cookies, even with the crumbs still on his lips.
expressing a lot of emotion
often effusive no matter what the occasion, my aunt is even more so at weddings and funerals.
aiming for equal wealth, status, etc., for all people
I still believe in the notion of an egalitarian society.
very happy and excited
She was elated upon learning that she had been accepted by her first-choice college.
the quality or state of being elated; pathological euphoria
Most people can't imagine the kind of elation that comes with winning a super lottery's grand prize, but they're dying to find out.
to get (a response, information, etc.) from someone
The role elicited the actress's flair for comedy that previous directors had overlooked.
1 to remove(sth that is not wanted or needed):to get rid of sth 2 to defeat and remove(a team, player,etc.) from a competition
The stiff entry fee is intended to eliminate less-than-serious competitors.
to get or keep away from (as a responsibility) through cleverness or trickery
The killer was able to elude the police.
to decorate (something) by adding special details and features : to make (something) more appealing or attractive
vt. 修饰 ;装饰;润色
The walls of the French restaurant are embellished with scenes of Parisian life.
to cause to become a body or part of a body
v. 具体表达; 包含
The must embody their ideas in substantial instituions if they are to survive.
to instill with boldness or courage
His poor showing in his first swim meet just emboldened him to train even harder.
the process or art of sewing a design on cloth; extra details that are added to make a story more interesting and that are not true or accurate
It's doubtful that she ever told an anecdote without considerable embroidery.
originating in or based on observation or experience
ajg凭经验的; 经验主义的; 以观察或实验为依据的
guidelines for raising children that are based on empirical evidence
1 to be the same in meaning or effect; 2 to use (someone or something) as the model for one's speech, mannerisms, or behavior
Sons are traditionally expected to emulate their fathers.
somewhat formal : to perform (something, such as a scene in a play)
Congress enacts all laws relating to foreign trade and immigration.
o attract and hold the attention of (someone) by being interesting, pretty, etc.
The child actress enchanted audiences with her bubbly personality.
to include (something) as a part
A necklace of spphire-blue lakes encompasses the town.
something that encumbers : impediment, burden
n.负担; 累赘; 妨碍; 阻碍
Without the encumbrance of a heavy backpack, I could sprint along the trail.
She has such an endearing personality.
to give a large amount of money to a school, hospital, etc.,
The program to bring the arts to inner-city youths is endowed by a grant from the federal government.
the ability to do something difficult for a long time
The endurance of his love for his wife was not arrested even by her death.
to flow over and cover (someone or something)
High waves from the hurricane engulfed large areas of the coastal community.
to give life, action, or spirit to: animate
In most instances it's a good idea to enliven a speech with a joke or two.
to get (someone) involved in a confusing or difficult situation
The young runaway gradually became entangled in a web of lies.
lovable especially in a childlike or naive way
to name (things) one after another in a list
Let's enumerate the top ten reasons why Top Ten lists have gotten out of hand.
things that are important or useful for only a short time : items that were not meant to have lasting value
Wednesday is going to be a big day for ephemera collectors of the literary persuasion.
a final section or speech after the main part of a book, play, or musical composition
The producers returned to the gym and shot a satisfying epilogue for this month's TLC broadcast.
a person or thing equal to another in value or measure or force or effect or significance etc
Many colleges and employers will accept what is known as a GED as the equivalent of a high school diploma.
the gradual destruction of something by natural forces (such as water, wind, or ice) : the process by which something is eroded or worn away
The erosion of the banks along the river worries flood experts.
having or showing knowledge that is learned by studying
The most erudite people in medical research attended the conference.
to avoid (something) especially because you do not think it is right, proper, etc.
The minister eschews involvement in local politics, since he doesn't want to diminish his moral authority in the community.
involving questions of right and wrong behavior : relating to ethics
The ethical course of action for the senator who lied to Congress would be to resign.
speech that praises someone who has died
Several eulogies were given at the special assembly marking the retirement of the company's longtime president.
to change from a liquid into a gas
By mid-morning the fog that had enshrouded the island had just evaporated.
the act of avoiding something that you do not want to do or deal with : the act of evading something
Pleading chronic back pain is my standard evasion for doing any heavy lifting.
the act of bringing something into the mind or memory
a perfect evocation of the period
bringing thoughts, memories, or feelings into the mind
The Italian-American restaurant is decorated in a manner evocative of the charming outdoor cafes in Italy.
to uncover (something) by digging away and removing the earth that covers it
Workmen are excavating a long tunnel that will eventualy replace the aboveground expressway.
Her execrable singing finally brought a complaint from the neighbors.
extremely good and deserving to be admired and copied
As a hospital volunteer you have given exemplary service to your community.
something exhaled or given off; an act of exhaling
Her answer was so hushed that it seemed barely more than an exhalation of air.
a feeling of great happiness and excitement
The lavish spectacle results in one exhilaration after another.
to present an opposing opinion or argument
I expostulate with her on the impropriety.
carefully selected : choice;marked by flawless craftsmanship or by beautiful, ingenious, delicate, or elaborate execution
This exquisite embroidery won people's great admiration.
to praise sb or sth highly
campaign literature extolling the candidate's military record