1. a fence or boundary formed by closely growing bushes
2. a way of protecting oneself against financial loss or other adverse circumstances
She invests her money as a hedge against inflation.
an animal that only eats plants
n. [动] 食草动物
the traditions, achievements, beliefs, etc., that are part of the history of a group or nation
His Polish heritage was very important to him.
the period of one's greatest popularity, vigor, or prosperity
In the heyday of big cars nobody cared how much gas cost.
offensive to the senses and especially to sight : exceedingly ugly;morally offensive : shocking
adj. 骇人听闻的, 可怕的
The room was filled with hideous furniture.
to make (something, such as a task or action) slow or difficult
Their journey was hindered [=impeded, slowed] by snow and high winds.
a person or thing that makes a situation difficult : a person or thing that hinders someone or something
She wanted to sign up for the class, but the cost was a hindrance. [=the class cost too much]
the knowledge and understanding that you have about an event only after it has happened
It's easy for us to say that the war was wrong, but we have the advantage/benefit of hindsight.
a usually metal piece that attaches a door, gate, or cover to something and allows it to open and close
a heterogeneous mixture
a hodgepodge of styles
relating to or concerned with complete systems rather than with individual parts
Holistic medicine attempts to treat both the mind and the body.
(1)to sharpen or smooth with a whetstone(2)to improve your skill at doing something
She honed her language skills by reading and writing every day.
to be in a state of uncertainty, irresolution, or suspense
Watch as the hummingbird hovers over the flowers.
to cry out loudly
The dogs were howling at the moon.
not costly or luxurious
Despite all his achievements, he has remained humble.
the behavior of people who do things that they tell other people not to do : behavior that does not agree with what someone claims to believe or feel
When his private letters were made public, they revealed his hypocrisy.
a person who criticizes or opposes beliefs and practices that are widely accepted
The iconoclasm of his views made him unpopular.
being the exact same one; not any other
We visited the identical place we stopped at last year
a lack of knowledge, understanding, or education the state of being ignorant
His racist attitudes were born out of ignorance.
not allowed by law : unlawful or illegal
He was arrested for selling illicit copies of the software.
to give examples in order to make (something) easier to understand
He illustrated his lecture with stories of his own experiences in the field.
standing above others in rank, importance, or achievement
He has had an illustrious military career.
1 not capable of being affected by a disease; 2 not influenced or affected by something; 3 having special protection from something that is required for most people by law
Most people are immune to the disease.
the quality of being unaffected by something
They have developed immunity to the virus.
treating all people and groups equally : not partial or biased
an impartial analysis of the case
free from fault or error
The craftsmanship is impeccable. [=flawless]
something that makes it difficult to do or complete something : something that interferes with movement or progress
There were no legal impediments to the deal.
showing no interest in individual people:lacking emotional warmth
a giant impersonal corporation
very calm : very hard to disturb or upset
Although he seems outwardly imperturbable, he can get very angry at times.
not believable or realistic : not plausible
She's been making implausible claims.
to cause (something, such as a tax, fine, rule, or punishment) to affect someone or something by using your authority
The judge imposed a life sentence.
of a fauna or flora : represented by few species or individuals
the most impoverished areas
not providing or saving for the future: not wise or sensible regarding money
Her improvident habits left her with no retirement savings.
to speak or perform without preparation
an actor who is good at improvisation
feelings of inadequacy
not completely formed or developed yet : vague
as something that is less interesting or important
The report discusses the problem only incidentally.
able to explain difficult ideas clearly and confidently
an incisive analysis/commentary/observation
covering or including everything
an inclusive insurance policy
not able to be corrected or changed
He is always the class clown and his teachers say he is incorrigible.
to cause (someone) to appear guilty of or responsible for something (such as a crime)
Material found at the crime scene incriminates the defendant.
impossible to read or understand : not decipherable
His handwriting is almost indecipherable.
to work or continue for a very long time without becoming tired
an indefatigable campaigner
1 a : the action or the legal process of indicting b : the state of being indicted 2 : a formal written statement framed by a prosecuting authority and found by a jury (as a grand jury) charging a person with an offense 3 : an expression
n. 起诉, 起诉状, 控告
The grand jury has handed down indictments against several mobsters.
Because he was indigent, the court appointed a lawyer to defend him.
feeling or showing anger because of something that is unfair or wrong : very angry
She wrote an indignant letter to the editor.
deficient in discrimination and discernment; heterogeneous, motley
They participated in the indiscriminate slaughter of countless innocent victims.
somewhat formal : to cause (someone or something) to do something
The advertisement is meant to induce people to eat more fruit.
the behavior or attitude of people who allow themselves to do what they want or who allow other people to do what they want
n. 沉溺; 迁就，宽容; 嗜好; 溺爱，放纵
She lived a life of selfish indulgence.
impossible to separate
He argues that there is an inextricable link between poverty and poor health.
not capable of being wrong or making mistakes : not fallible
never claimed to be infallible.
being in an infatuated state or condition
The attraction he felt for her was just infatuation, not true love.
having a result that increases in strength or importance each time more of sth is added
Poor hygiene can increase the danger of infection.
having the power to cause changes : having influence
She became an (enormously/extremely) influential critic/writer.
infuse the team with confidence
v. 灌输, 注入
She has infused her followers with confidence.
1 free from any intent to deceive or impress others; 2 lacking in worldly wisdom or informed judgment
an appealingly ingenuous young woman/man
forming a part of the essence or inmost being : DEEP-SEATED
These attitudes are very deeply ingrained in the culture.
intended to gain someone's favor or approval
an ingratiating smile/manner
one of the things that are used to make a food, product, etc.
He uses only the finest/freshest ingredients in his cooking.
belonging to the basic nature of someone or something
He has an inherent sense of fair play.
occurring at the beginning of something
The symptoms are mild in the initial [=early] stages of the disease.
a slight idea about something
n. 略微的提示, 略知
I didn't have an inkling [=clue] of what it all meant.
She refused to answer inquiries from the media about her marriage.
an eager desire to find out about things that are often none of one?s business
She was very inquisitive [=curious] as a child.
1:to write or cut (words,a name,etc.)on something+on or in 2:to write words,a name, etc., on (something)
He inscribed a message in the book before giving it to his son.
impossible to solve or get control of : impossible to overcome
They succeeded despite some nearly insuperable [=insurmountable] difficulties.