not forming a necessary part of something : not important
adj.外部的; 外来的; 无关的; 不相干的
The architect's streamlined modern style shuns any sort of extraneous ornamentation.
the act or practice of spending a lot of money : wasteful or careless spending
Hollywood stars are famous for the extravagance of their parties.
very lively, happy, or energetic : filled with energy and enthusiasm
The exuberance of the housing market was an encouraging economic indicator.
containing a mistake : not true or accurate
Consumers who harbor the fallacious belief that credit-card spending will never catch up with them.
a pleasant situation that you imagine but that is unlikely to happen
To root up all evils is only a fantasy for the time being.
a doctrine that events are fixed in advance so that human beings are powerless to change them; also : a belief in or attitude determined by this doctrine
Recent research on warfare and aggression seems, at first glance, to support this fatalistic conclusion.
1. a unit of length equal to six feet (1.83 meters) used especially for measuring the depth of water ― sometimes used in the singular when qualified by a number 2. 1 : to measure by a sounding line
I couldn't fathom why she made such a foolish decision.
ddrained of energy or effectiveness
Your emotions overrule your stomach and fatigue.
1 : to show affection ? used especially of a dog 2 : to court favor by a cringing or flattering manner
The waiters were fawning over the celebrity.
(v.)：a : to give a false appearance of : induce as a false impression b : to assert as if true : pretend
He would often feign illness to get out of class.
The elderly couple counted their grandchildren as their most cherished felicities.
a serious crime (such as murder or rape)
The original complaint against the broker includes a felony charge for causing serious bodily injury.
a strong feeling of excitement and enthusiasm
She was surprised by the fervor that her parents' old love letter contained when she discovered them in the attic.
formed or conceived by the imagination
Perhaps he might have done more to capture the sheer weirdness of Dickens's fictional world.
of words, language, etc. : used with a meaning that is different from the basic meaning and that expresses an idea in an interesting way by using language that usually describes something else : not literal
the figurative use of "allergy" to mean "a feeling of dislike"
a head or chief in name only
For many Vietnamese, whatever their views of the late leader, there is no otherfigurehead.
a narrow opening or crack
This is an amazing cave that can be accessed through a fissure in the ground witha rope.
very bad : too bad to be ignored
adj.臭名远扬的; 恶名昭著的; 明目张胆的
That was a flagrant violation of the rules.
the area on the side of an animal (such as a horse) between the ribs and the hip
They attacked the enemy on both flanks.
a young bird that has just become able to fly
At hockey he's still a fledgling and needs to work on his basic skating skills.
not lasting;lasting for only a short time
He had a fleeting desire to jump into the cool lake but kept on hiking.
to break or ignore (a law, rule, etc.) without hiding what you are doing or showing fear or shame
The problem is the regulations do not specify punishments for businesses orindividuals who flout them.
used to describe something that can change easily or that changes often
And your movement is really fluid and available.
upset or nervous
He came in, drank two glasses of water and left, Restivo said, adding that Blake appeared flustered.
minor fault in someone's character or behavior usually plural
We could tolerate my uncle's foibles because we loved him dearly.
to force someone to accept (something that is not good or not wanted) usually + on or upon
He foisted his prejudices upon his young students.
the lack of good sense or judgment : foolishness
The American purchase of Alaska was originally considered a grand folly.
foolishly doing things that are too dangerous or risky
It's foolhardy to go hiking during late fall without warm clothes.
a feeling that something bad is going to happen
Dark blues may be foreboding, or an indication of worry or fear.
to represent, indicate, or typify beforehand : prefigure
a series of small tremors that foreshadowed the massive earthquake the next day
something believed to be a sign or warning of a future event
Mr. Obama's criticism, industry officials fear, is a foreshadowing of deep cuts to come.
to keep from happening by taking action in advance
You can often forestall skidding on the ice simply by driving more slowly.
1 feeling unhappiness; 2 sad from lack of companionship or separation from others; 3 causing or marked by an atmosphere lacking in cheer; 4 feeling or showing no hope
She was forlorn when she found out the trip had ben cancelled.
easily broken or damaged
Babies are fragile, so remember to care for them gently.
the feeling of friendship that exists between people in a group
n. 兄弟会 互助会
the fraternity of civil engineers
1.an instance of the use of dishonest methods to acquire something of value; 2.one who makes false claims of identity or expertise; 3.the inclination or practice of misleading others through lies or trickery
n. 诡计; 骗子; 欺骗
He was found guilty of bank fraud.
to wear (as an edge of cloth) by or as if by rubbing : fret
worn away or tattered along the edges
He also only owns one tie, so frayed and greasy that it looks more like a shoelace.
The innkeeper gave us a frigid and unnecessarily formal welcome.
forming or relating to the most important part of something:
This decision represents the fundamental interests of the people.
1:very angry 2:very powerful or violent
Everyone worked at a furious pace in order to get the float ready for the parade.
a happy and lively quality
Attendees of the masquerade ball arrived dressed in all their gaiety.
too bright or colorful
The wedding guest's thick makeup was garish and unnecessary.
tending to talk a lot : very talkative
a garrulous boy who was in constant trouble for talking out of turn
the quality of being kind, understanding, and not selfish : the quality of being generous
a sidewalk beggar who benefited from the generosity of kindhearted passersby
1:freely giving or sharing money and other valuable things 2:providing more than the amount that is needed or normal : abundant or ample
a civic leader who is very generous with his money and time
a raccoon got into the trash and now there's a gigantic mss in our backyard.
made from or covered with gold
His office is decorated with gilded chairs and extravagant mouldings, ordered by his predecessor.
to shine faintly or unsteadily
The disquiet about her appointment does offer a glimmer of hope about our battered democracy.
a feeling of sadness
the deepening gloom over the economy
to bestow or transfer formally
The court granted the motion for a new trial.
a selfish desire to have more of something (especially money)
He made no effort to conceal his greed for money and power.
1 a : tending to associate with others of one's kind : SOCIAL b : marked by or indicating a liking for companionship : SOCIABLE c : of or relating to a social group 2 a of a plant : growing in a cluster or a colony b : living in contiguous n
adj. 社交的, 群居的
Walruses are highly gregarious.
obsolete; a cause of distress
n. 委屈, 冤情
This is no place to air your grievances against him.
if you grill something, or if it grills, you cook it by putting it on a flat metal frame with bars across it, above or below strong direct heat
She put the hamburgers on the grill.
1 unpleasant or shocking to see or think about 2 causing feelings of sadness or worry : gloomy or depressing
The accident serves as a grim reminder of the dangers of drinking and driving.
to grab or hold (something) tightly
The little boy gripped his mother's hand tightly.
plural : commodities sold by a grocer
They run a small grocery store.
said, done, or given in an unwilling or doubtful way
He even earned his opponents' grudging respect.
very difficult : requiring great effort
Running a marathon is grueling.
a short, low sound from the throat
I could hear the grunts of the movers as they lifted the heavy furniture.
readily taken advantage of
He thought his grandmother was gullible simply because she was elderly, but she was sharper than he was in many ways.
a person who has a lot of experience in or knowledge about a paaritular subject
One of those weather gurus that the television networks always drag out whenever there's a big blizzard brewing
the place or environment where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives and grows
A forest in California is set aside to preserve the unique brushy, rugged habitat required by nesting California condors.
to cut or sever
An armed gang barged onto the train and began hacking and shooting anyone in sight.
hackneynot interesting, funny, etc., because of being used too often : not fresh or original
to describe sb or sth as being very good or special, especially in the newspaper, etc
Faulkner has been hailed as the greatest American novelist of his generation.
very happy and successful
It was all a far cry from those halcyon days in 1990, when he won three tournaments on the European tour.
having no plan, order, or direction
The investigation does seem haphazard.
having no luck: very unfortunate
The hapless motorist had barely paid his bill and driven away from the body shop when a truck sideswiped his car.
obscured or made dim or cloudy by or as if by haze; vague
adj. 朦胧的, 烟雾弥漫的, 模糊的
We had only a hazy view of the mountain. hazy sunshine