champion V. /拥护/ support militantly. Martin Luther King, Jr., won the Nobel Peace Prize because he championed the oppressed in their struggle for equality.
Chaotic ADJ. /混乱/ in utter disorder. He tried to bring order into the chaotic state of affairs. chaos, N.
charisma N. /魅力/ divine gift; great popular charm or appeal of a political leader Political commentators have deplored the importance of a candidate's charisma in these days of television campaigning.
charlatan N. /吹牛/ quack; pretender to knowledge. When they realized that the Wizard didn't know how to get them back to Kansas, Dorothy and her companions were indignant that they'd been duped by a charlatan.
chary ADJ. /谨慎;吝啬/ cautious; sparing or restrained about giving. A prudent, thrifty, New Englander,DeWitt was as chary of investing money in junk bonds as he was chary of paying people unnecessary compliments.
chasm N. /深渊/ abyss. They could not see the bottom of the chasm.
chassis N. /底盘/ framework and working parts of an automobile. Examining the car after the accident, the owner discovered that the body had been ruined but that the chassis was unharmed.
chaste ADJ. /纯的/ pure. Her chaste and decorous garb was appropriately selected for the solemnity of the occasion. chastity, N.
chasten V. /磨练/ discipline; punish in order to correct. Whom God loves, God chastens.
chastise V. /惩罚/ punish. I must chastise you for this offense.
chauvinist N. /盲目爱国主义/ blindly devoted patriot. A chauvinist cannot recognize any faults in his country,no matter how flagrant they may be. Likewise, a male chauvinist cannot recognize his bias in favor of his own sex, no matter how flagrant that may be. chauvinistic, ADJ.
check V. /控制;阻止/ stop motion; curb or restrain. Thrusting out her arm, Grandma checked Bobby's lunge at his sister. "Young man," she said, "you'd better check your temper." (secondary meaning)
checkered ADJ. /多变的;像国际象棋棋盘一样的方格/ marked by changes in fortune. During his checkered career he had lived in palatial mansions and in dreary boardinghouses.
cherubic ADJ. /天真无邪/ angelic; innocent-looking. With her cheerful smile and rosy cheeks, she was a particularly cherubic child.
chicanery N. /强辩，狡辩;欺骗/ trickery; deception. Those sneaky lawyers misrepresented what occurred,made up all sorts of implausible alternative scenarios to confuse the jurors, and in general depended on chicanery to win the case.
chide V. /斥责/ scold. Grandma began to chide Steven for his lying.
chimerical ADJ. /不现实，空想/ fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; imaginative. As everyone expected, Ted's chimerical scheme to make a fortune by raising ermines in his back yard proved a dismal failure.
chisel N. /凿子/ wedgelike tool for cutting. With his hammer and chisel, the sculptor chipped away at the block of marble.
chisel V. /欺骗/ swindle or cheat; cut with a chisel. That crook chiseled me out of a hundred dollars when he sold me that "marble" statue he'd chiseled out of some cheap hunk of rock.
Chivalrous ADJ. /勇敢;诚实/ courteous; faithful; brave. Chivalrous behavior involves noble words and good deeds.
choleric ADJ. /易发怒的;脾气坏/ hot-tempered. His flushed, angry face indicated a choleric nature.
choreography N. /舞蹈术;舞蹈记谱/ art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances.Merce Cunningham has begun to use a computer in designing choreography. a software program allows him to compose arrangements of possible moves and immediately view them onscreen.
chortle V. /得意的笑/ chuckle with delight. When she heard that her rival had just been jailed for embezzlement, she chortled with joy. She was not a nice lady.
chronic ADJ. /慢性的/ long established as a disease. The doctors were finally able to attribute his chronic headaches and nausea to traces of formaldehyde gas in his apartment.
chronicle V. /编年史/ report; record (in chronological order). The gossip columnist was paid to chronicle the latest escapades of the socially prominent celebrities. also N.
churlish ADJ. /粗鲁的/ boorish; rude. Dismayed by his churlish mapners at the party, the girls vowed never to invite him again.
cipher N. /密码/ secret code. Lacking his code book, the spy was unable to decode the message sent to him in cipher.
cipher N. /不重要的人或物/ nonentity; worthless person or thing. She claimed her ex-husband was a totalcipher and wondered why she had ever married him.