example; specifically: a usually short fictitious story that illustrates a moral attitude or a religious principle
He told the children a parable about the importance of forgiveness.
a rule or limit that controls what something is or how something should be done
First we need to set/define the parameters of the project.
adj. 附加说明;parenthesis (n.)[常用复]括弧, 圆括号
He explained the process thoroughly, including parenthetical comments about his own experiences with it.
piece of writing, music, etc., that imitates the style of someone or something else in an amusing way
He has a talent for writing parodies.
of, relating to, or composed of shepherds or herdsmen
adj. 牧人的, 田园生活的
The house is situated in a charming pastoral setting.
love that people feel for their country
You may not agree with him politically, but no one can question his patriotism.
Rioters pelted the police.
a strong liking for something or a strong tendency to behave in a certain way
He has a penchant for asking stupid questions.
quietly sad or thoughtful
The child sat by himself, looking pensive.
become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand
perceived [=noticed] that she had been crying.
able to be perceived by a sense or by the mind
The sound was barely perceptible.
not relating to the main or most important part
If we focus too much on peripheral issues, we will lose sight of the goal.
to confuse (someone) very much
Her attitude perplexes me.
uninterrupted or lasting existence
He admired her dogged persistence in pursuing the job.
n. 人; (小说、戏剧中的)人物, 角色;(pl. personas)(在社交场合装出的)伪装外表
His public persona is that of a strong, determined leader, but in private life he's very insecure.
a person who has a lot of a particular quality and who is the perfect example of someone who has that quality
Your father is the personification of kindness and generosity.
to relate to someone or something : to have a connection to a person or thing
The law pertains [=applies] only to people who were born in this country.
pervading or tending to pervade a pervasive odor
the pervasive nature of the problem
having or showing a lack of hope for the future: expecting bad things to happen
I'm pessimistic about our chances of winning.
a disease that causes many people to die
After years of war and pestilence, few people remained in the city.
She started a philanthropic [=charitable] foundation.
possibly true: believable or realistic
thought her explanation was perfectly/entirely/completely plausible.
1: to work laboriously and monotonously
2 to walk heavily or slowly
We plodded through mud that came up past our ankles.
to mark or note on or as if on a map or chart
v. 测定(位置), 在地图上标出(位置)
The plots are selling for $15,000 per acre. They just bought a 12-acre plot of land.
causing as strong feeling of sadness
The photograph was a poignant reminder of her childhood.
a strong written or spoken attack against someone else's opinions, beliefs, practices, etc.
Her book is a fierce polemic against the inequalities in our society.
having or showing the attitude of people who speak and behave in a very formal and serious way because they believe that they are better, smarter, or more important than other people
She found it difficult to talk about her achievements without sounding pompous.
to think about or consider (something) carefully
He pondered the question before he answered.
v. 延迟，使...延期 to assign to a later time
vi.(持续地)苦干; (驾舟时)拍打(水面); (心脏)狂跳; 脚步沉重地走(或跑)
vt.连续重击; 捣碎，碾碎; 强迫吸收; 猛烈袭击
We had to postpone our vacation. = We had to postpone going on our vacation.
1 to hit sth with force again and again 2 to crush or break sth into very small pieces by hitting it again and again 3 to walk or run with heavy and loud steps
The recipe calls for a pound of ground beef. a 50-pound dog = a dog that weighs 50 pounds Chicken is on sale this week for $3 per/a pound.
a person who works in a professional medical or legal business
practitioners of the art of glassblowing
a reasonable and logical way of doing things or of thinking about problems that is based on dealing with specific situations instead of on ideas and theories
The right person for the job will balance vision with pragmatism.
a similar action or event that happened at an earlier time
There are no precedents for these events.
more important, skillful, or successful than others : better than others
She's the preeminent chef in a city that has many good ones.
included at the beginning of a book, speech, etc., as an introduction
The speaker made some prefatory remarks.
very foolish or silly
The whole idea is preposterous
1 showing a lack of proper social reserve or modesty; 2 having a feeling of superiority that shows itself in an overbearing attitude; 3 thrusting oneself where one is not welcome or invited
It would be presumptuous (of me) to tell the manager how to do things.
1 to be based on the idea that something is true or will happen 2 : to require or depend on (something) in order to be true or exist
The rule presupposes a need to restrict student access to the library.
having or showing the unpleasant quality of people who want to be regarded as more impressive, successful,
The houses in the neighborhood are large and pretentious.
1 : to gain ascendancy through strength or superiority : TRIUMPH
2 : to be or become effective or effectual
3 : to use persuasion successfully
4 : to be frequent : PREDOMINATE
5 : to be or continue in use or fashion : PERSIST
Our soccer team prevailed [=won] despite the bad weather.
status established in order of importance or urgency
Reorganizing the sales force will be a top priority for the new president.
amazing or wonderful : very impressive
yielding results, benefits, or profits
a highly productive [=successful] sales team
to say or declare (something) openly
He professes confidence in his friend.
carelessly and foolishly wasting money, materials, etc. : very wasteful
She was very profligate in her spending. profligate energy use
sth that is a model for sth else
the progenitors of modern art
to increase in number or amount quickly
New problems have proliferated in recent months.
1 something added (as by growth); 2 the act or process of becoming greater in number
There has been a recent proliferation of medical advertising on TV.
producing a large amount of something
The tree is a prolific bloomer.
to change the rank or position of (someone) to a higher or more important one
The army major was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
to make (something, such as an idea or belief) known to many people
The group propagates [=promotes] its antigovernment doctrine on the Web.
to push or drive (someone or something) forward or in a particular direction
He grabbed him and propelled him through the door.
the force that moves something forward : the force that propels something
Sailboats use wind as their source/means of propulsion.
able to change into many different forms or able to do many different things
a protean organism
to show or express strong disagreement with or disapproval of something
The victim's family protested at/against the judge's sentence.
a device that has the form of a half circle and that is used for drawing and measuring angles
of, relating to, or resembling a proverb
a proverbial expression/phrase
limited in outlook:narrow;lacking the polish of urban society:unsophisticated
She speaks with a provincial accent.
a name that someone (such as a writer) uses instead of his or her real name
Mark Twain is the pseudonym of the American writer Samuel L. Clemens.
a person who knows a lot about a particular subject and who expresses ideas and opinions about that subject publicly (such as by speaking on television and radio shows)
the methods and treatments used by unskillful doctors or by people who pretend to be doctors
His cure was nothing but quackery.
an area of soft, wet ground
After a lot of rain, the dirt road becomes a quagmire.
a situation in which you are confused about what to do
The unexpected results of the test have created a quandary for researchers.
complaining in an annoyed way
The child said in a querulous [=whining] voice that he didn't like carrots.
hopeful or romantic in a way that is not practical
a quixotic solution/pursuit
being rough or noisy in a high-spirited way
a class full of rambunctious [=boisterous, (Brit) rumbustious] children
an angry feeling of hatred or dislike for someone who has treated you unfairly
She answered her accusers calmly and without rancor.
1 having a huge appetite; 2 living by killing and eating other animals; 3 having or marked by an eager and often selfish desire especially for material possessions
a rapacious [=greedy] businessman
relating to, marked by, or favoring reaction; especially : ultraconservative in politics
adj. 反动的; 保守的
an effort by many people to change the government or leader of a country by the use of protest or violence
The king's army suppressed/quelled/crushed the rebellion.
to speak in an angry and critical way to (someone)
She was rebuked [=reprimanded] for being late.
shared, felt, or shown by both sides serving to reciprocate
a reciprocal trade agreement between two countries
to read (something) out loud or say (something) from memory usually for an audience
He recited the poem/passage with great feeling.
the act of causing two people or groups to become friendly again after an argument or disagreement
Signing the trade agreement was praised as an act of reconciliation between the two countries.
the quality of being honest and morally correct
No one questioned his moral rectitude.
the redemption of his reputation
The material is highly reflective. [=it easily reflects light]
shelter or protection from danger or trouble
They were seeking refuge. = They were seeking a place of refuge. [=a safe place]
prove (a statement or theory) to be wrong or false; disprove
The lawyer refuted the testimony of the witness.
a repressive government
to say again : REPEAT;to recite aloud in a formal manner; to present an account of : RELATE
The orchestra is rehearsing a piece by Schumann.
to interpret again; specifically : to give a new or different interpretation to
New information may force us to reinterpret the evidence.
to present (something) in a different or new way
The candidate promised to reinvent Social Security.
repeat something you have already said in order to emphasize it
She avoided answering our questions directly, instead reiterating that the answers could be found in her book.
She seemed truly remorseful for what she had done.
1:to say especially in a formal or official way that you will no longer have or accept (something) : to formally give up (something)2: to say in a formal or definite way that you refuse to follow, obey, or support (someone or somethin
The king renounced [=abdicated] the throne. She renounced her inheritance.
known and admired by many people for some special quality or achievement
a restaurant renowned for its wine list
the act of renouncing sth or sb
Their vows include renunciation of all wealth.
to keep (something) out or away
vt.击退; 使厌恶; 抵制; 使不愉快
Their superior forces repelled the invasion.
something usually bad or unpleasant that happens as a result of an action, statement, etc., and that usually affects people for a long time
We didn't expect the decision to have such serious/enormous/tremendous repercussions.
very bad : deserving very strong criticism
to speak in an angry and critical way to (someone who has done something wrong, disobeyed an order, etc.)
The soldiers were severely reprimanded.
to speak in an angry and critical way to (someone) : to express disapproval or disappointment to (someone)
His actions were above/beyond reproach.
overall quality as seen or judged by people in general
This car dealership has a good/bad reputation.
having or showing a feeling of anger or displeasure about someone or something unfair
She is resentful about being demoted.
to give up (a job or position) in a formal or official way
The senator was forced to resign his position.
to bring (someone who is unconscious, not breathing, or close to death) back to a conscious or active state again
The patient stopped breathing but doctors were able to resuscitate him.
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