canto N. /(长诗的)分篇/ division of a long poem. Dante's poetic masterpiece The Divine Comedy is divided into cantos.
canvass V. /调查;投票/ determine votes, etc. After canvassing the sentiments of his constituents, the congressman was confident that he represented the majority opinion of his district. also N.
capacious ADJ. /宽敞的/ spacious. In the capacious rotunda of the railroad terminal, thousands of travelers lingered while waiting for their train.
Capacity N. /能力;角色/ mental or physical ability; role; ability to accommodate. Mike had the capacity to handle several jobs at once. In his capacity as president of SelecTronics he marketed an electronic dictionary with a capacity of 200,000 words.
capitulate V. /投降/ surrender. The enemy was warned to capitulate or face annihilation.
caprice N. /反复无常;一时幻想;奇怪的想法/ sudden, unexpected fancy; whim. On a caprice, Jack tried drag-racing, but paid the price-his father took his Chevy Caprice away from him.
capricious ADJ. /反复无常的/ unpredictable; fickle. The storm was capricious: it changed course constantly.Jill was capricious, too: she changed boyfriends almost as often as she changed clothes.
caption N. /标题/ title; chapter heading; text under illustration. The captions that accompany The Far Side cartoons are almost as funny as the pictures. also V.
captivate V. /迷住;迷惑/ charm or enthrall. Bart and Lisa were captivated by their new nanny's winning manner.
carat N. /克拉;开;K/ unit of weight for precious stones; measure of fineness of gold. He gave her a three-carat diamond mounted in an eighteen-carat gold band.
cardinal ADJ. /主要的/ chief. If you want to increase your word power, the cardinal rule of vocabulary-building is to read.
cardiologist N. /心脏病专家/ doctor specializing in the heart. When the pediatrician noticed Philip had a slight heart murmur, she referred him to a cardiologist for further tests.
careen V. /倾斜/ lurch; sway from side to side. The taxicab careened wildly as it rounded the corner.
caricature N. /歪曲;漫画;讽刺画/ distortion; burlesque. The caricatures he drew always emphasized a personal weakness of the people he burlesqued. also V.
carnage N. /残杀;大屠杀/ destruction of life. The film The Killing Fields vividly depicts the carnage wreaked by Pol Pot's followers in Cambodia.
carnal ADJ. /肉体的;欲望的/ fleshly. Is the public more interested in carnal pleasures than in spiritual matters?Compare the number of people who read Playboy daily to the number of those who read the Bible or Koran every day.
carnivorous ADJ. /食肉的/ meat-eating. The lion's a carnivorous beast. A hunk of meat makes up his feast.A cow is not a carnivore. She likes the taste of grain, not gore.
*carping ADJ. /挑剔的，吹毛求疵/ finding fault. A carping critic is a nit-picker: he loves to point out flaws. If you don't like this definition, feel free to carp.
cartographer N. /制图者，制地图的人/ map-maker. Though not a professional cartographer, Tolkien was able to construct a map of his fictional world.
cascade N. /小瀑布/ small waterfall. We were too tired to appreciate the beauty of the many cascades because we had to detour around them to avoid being drenched by the water cascading down.
castigate V. /严厉批评;惩罚/ criticize severely; punish. When the teacher threatened that she would castigate the mischievous boys if they didn't behave, they shaped up in a hurry.
casualty N. /严重的事故;伤亡/ serious or fatal accident. The number of automotive casualties on this holiday weekend was high.
cataclysm N. /巨变;剧变;灾难/ upheaval; deluge. A cataclysm such as the French Revolution affects all countries. cataclysmic, ADJ.
catalyst N. /催化剂/ agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged. Many chemical reactions cannot take place without the presence of a catalyst.
catapult N. /弹弓;弹舐器/ slingshot; a hurling machine. Airplanes are sometimes launched from battleships by catapults. also V.
cataract N. /大瀑布;白内障/ great waterfall; eye abnormality. She gazed with awe at the mighty cataract known as Niagara Falls.
catastrophe N. /灾难/ calamity; disaster. The 1906 San Francisco earthquake was a catastrophe that destroyed most of the city. A similar earthquake striking today could have even more catastrophic results.